Dental Treatments

DENTAL TREATMENTS

SMILE DESIGN
Smile Design is a dental procedure, which involves creating the most aesthetic smile customized for the patient by establishing a harmony of several features such as lips, teeth, and gums. Before performing the procedure, the surgeon makes detailed examination and takes the expectations of the patient into consideration.


How to customize a Smile Design Plan?
In order to find the most aesthetic smile for the individual, s/he is first filmed or photographed while talking and laughing with a focus on the teeth and mouth area. The individual’s teeth and gingival line level are examined. Then a Gypsum model is prepared according to the individual’s measures. Afterwards, the Smile Design Plan is finalized with the patient. Based on the videos, photographs, and the Gypsum model, a mock-up is made on the computer. Thus, the individual can see the result before the procedure is performed.

What may Smile Design involve?
Sometimes “gum lift” with lasers is necessary to arrange gingival levels. In addition, dental laminates, fillings, Empress treatment or bleaching may be required for the most aesthetic smile. If one tooth or more are missing, implants, and sometimes orthodontic treatment, are required. Thus, the whole process may take several sessions depending on the individual’s needs.

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
The centre part of the tooth is called the pulp and it hosts nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues. When the pulp is damaged, inflamed, or infected, root canal treatment is necessary. The infection is generally due to tooth decay, or damage to teeth as a result of a trauma. In these cases, the patient has hypersensitivity and pain when biting or chewing, or eating or drinking hot or cold food and drink. Besides, pulp inflammation may cause sudden pain, which may not be alleviated with painkillers.

Medication, particularly antibiotics, taken without medical advice can only stop your pain temporarily. Moreover, long-term antibiotic use causes bacterial resistance and makes the treatment more difficult. If the pulp inflammation is not treated, further symptoms eventually occur, such as pus oozing from the affected tooth, swelling and pain. Another scenario is that the non-treated inflammation may cause “pus-filled sacs”, named abscess, in the root apex and jawbone. This situation can expand and destroy the bone tissue surrounding the roots. Finally, the tooth may need extraction. 

DENTAL IMPLANTS
Teeth have great importance both functionally and aesthetically since they enable eating and create a beautiful and charming smile. Unfortunately, individuals may lose one tooth or more due to various reasons, and dental implants provide a wonderful opportunity to replace a single missing tooth or several missing teeth. 

In this procedure, firstly, titanium screws are placed into the jawbone. Then the required replacement parts are implanted, such as a bridge, crown or denture, which are supported by these titanium screws. Therefore, the teeth function normally as before and the patient acquires an aesthetic apperance.

The shape and purpose of the implants vary immensely. An expert will know which implant will be the best for his/her patient.  

Denture Prostheses
In the event of some kind of dental loss, different types of denture prostheses can be used to replace missing teeth and restore the dentition.

Types of Protheses
1. Fixed Prostheses (attached to natural teeth, such as crowns and bridges)
2. Removable Prostheses (complete or partial prostheses)
3. Implant-supported Prostheses (fixed or removable)
4. Expandable Removable Prostheses

 

TEETH WHITENING
Teeth whitening, is performed to bleach teeth to make them lighter.

Causes of Tooth Discoloration
Environmental Causes: Skipping teeth brushing, chromogens and tannins in food and drinks, such as tea, coffee and red wine, etc., bacterial plaque on teeth, trauma to tooth, antibiotics taken during childhood
Genetic Causes: Dark-colored teeth due to genetic factors, amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, dental tissue diseases, such as fluorosis, and previous dental treatments such as, root canal treatments and amalgam stopping, etc.
 

Examination and Possible Treatments before Teeth Whitening
Before teeth whitening operation, the dentist must make sure that the patient does not have any caries, gingival recession, gingivitis, or corrosion on the teeth to be whitened. If the patient has one or more of these problems, they should be treated first. Also, the dentist should identify the cause of discoloration beforehand in order to choose the suitable type of bleaching. 

ORTHODONTICS
Orthodontics involves the diagnosis, prevention and correction of teeth and chin impairments.

Causes of orthodontic impairments
1) Genetic factors
2) Cleft palate and cleft lip
3) Respiratory disorder
4) Oral habits, such as excessive use of pacifiers, or thumb sucking, etc.
5) Early loss of milk teeth
6) Teeth grinding and facial traumas

Importance of orthodontic treatment
Crowded or crooked teeth affect physical and emotional well being of the individual negatively by causing oral health problems and an unpleasant appearance. It is impossible to clean them thoroughly no matter how careful the patient is. Therefore, dental caries and gingival diseases may occur, which in time leads to tooth looses. Hence, orthodontic treatments are performed not only to correct aesthetical problems but also to prevent possible oral and tooth diseases, and ensure oral hygiene.

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