The number of fat cells in the human body increases only until the age of 4, then stays stable. This means that it is the volume of the fat cells which increases when an adult gains weight, not their number.
The first way to lose weight for overweight patients is diet and exercise. However, even if an individual reaches his/her the ideal weight, fat can accumulate disproportionately in some parts of the body and causes this parts to look larger than the desired size. Generally, the hips, waist, abdomen, inner thighs and knees are the areas that need additional treatment to dieting for fat loss. Liposuction is the ideal method to achieve fat loss in these areas.
Liposuction involves the removal of excess fat with the help of a special system. First the surgeron makes incisions of about 0.5 cm. Then a thin tube called cannula is inserted through the incisions, which breaks down and loosens the fat with controlled back and forth motion. Then a vacuum connected to the cannula suctions the fat. Hence the number of fat cells is permanently reduced.
The cannulas are available in different diameters to fit different parts of the body. Thus, the surgeon can easily reach the fat cells everywhere in the body. This surgery is performed only as a method of correcting the contour of the body, not that of weight loss.
After liposuction, massage therapy is generally recommended to make the remaining fat tissue look smooth under the skin and to avoid indentations and bulges. Also, the experts recommend wearing a liposuction corset for up to 6 weeks.
If the patient does not problems with wound healing, the incision scars heal over time and become unnoticeable.
Liposuction provides everlasting results since it permanently decreases the number of fat cells. However, if the individual gains weight, the areas treated with liposuction may get larger again due to an increase in the volume of the remaining fat cells. Hence, the patient should embrace a healthy life style by having a balanced diet and exercising regularly to maintain the results of liposuction.
In the process, some technological advances significantly contribute to facilitate the removal of fat. These are:
1. Infiltration pumps: These liquid pumps are used to inject a solution into the fat removal (liposuction) area in a more regular and rapid way to facilitate the breakdown of fat. Hence, the surgeon can perform the procedure without blood and the patient does not experience pain.
2. Vaser: This device gives ultrasonic energy to the application area after the injection of the solution. This allows the fat to be removed more effectively, and helps the skin tighten more easily.
3. Laser (Smartlipo - Slimlipo): The laser destroys the fat cell membranes so that the fat is liquefied. Then the fat is suctioned easily.
4. Vibrolipo: In this method, a vibrating cannula is used during the liposuction procedure.