What are the types of prosthesis in Knee Replacement Surgery?
Knee prostheses are generally divides into two groups as total prostheses and partial prostheses in knee replacement surgery. In the case of calcification in a single part of the knee joint, the preferred prostheses are usually partial prostheses. In calcifications involving more than one area of the knee, treatment is performed using total knee prostheses. Prosthesis selection should be made according to the type, location and severity of the health problem affecting the knee joint prosthesis.
If there is a damage in the knee joint and many parts of the joint, your surgeon may suggest total proshesis.
There may be severe damage to the cartilage tissue, meniscus and ligaments in patients with these prostheses. Both inner and outer surfaces can be changed with the help of total prostheses.
PARTIAL (UNICONDYLAR) PROSTHESIS
If the problem in the joint is only on the inner or outer surfaces, the use of unicondylar prostheses is preferred. In other words, the knee joint has been damaged due to loss of cartilage tissue. Local damage by bones coming into contact with each other, but no wear has occurred on all surfaces yet. Cartilage tissue, knee ligaments and a large part of the meniscus must be healthy to achieve the targeted success. In treatments performed with partial dentures. If there is a wear problem that has spread to the entire joint, patients should be directed to a total prosthesis.
Apart from knee replacement types, knee replacement prices are among the frequently asked questions by patients. Many situations such as the material of the prosthesis to be used, the total or partial prosthesis of the prosthesis, the techniques to be used in the surgery affect the cost of the operation.
For this reason, the quotation can only be obtained from one of the Ck Health Turkey Medical Center. In line with the information given by the physician after a detailed examination.
With knee replacement surgeries, pain relief and restoration of function can be achieved in severely diseased knees. With knee replacement surgery, the damaged bone and cartilage in the joint are cleaned and replaced with a prosthesis consisting of special metal alloys and other components.
What is the Purpose of Knee Replacement?
Knee prosthesis surgeries aim to ensure that the patient has a painless and mobile joint. Also the quality of daily life is at the highest level.
Who can Knee Prosthesis Applied?
The total knee prosthesis is applied to patients who have pain and deformity in their knees, whose knee pain does not go away despite the use of rest, medication and physical therapy methods, whose activities of daily living such as walking and climbing stairs are severely restricted, and who have severe destruction of the articular cartilage on the radiograph. It is preferred that the patient is over 65 years of age. In some rheumatological diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, prosthetic surgery can be performed at an earlier age. Please consult with your Ck Health Turkey consultant for more information.
In Which Diseases Are Knee Replacement Surgery is Necessary?
Degeneration (calcification) occurs in the knee joint for various reasons. Calcifications that develop in the knee joint are called Gonarthrosis (Knee Calcification). Most gonarthrosis occurs spontaneously with ageing. Being overweight increases degeneration. Degeneration may also develop in the knee joint due to reasons such as fractures, meniscus injuries and surgeries, rheumatological diseases, infectious diseases, traumatic cartilage lesions. Knee replacement surgery is performed in patients in whom all these diseases have severely damaged the knee joint. If there is an active infection in the knee joint, knee replacement is not performed.
What are the Treatment Stages?
First of all, the patient to whom knee replacement surgery will be applied must have applied non-prosthetic treatment options (medication, physical therapy, etc.) and must be at a stage where they will not benefit. Knee damage is easily seen on X-rays. Before the operation, the presence of dental caries, wounds or any foci of infection in the body should be carefully investigated, and it is very important to treat it if it does. The operation can be applied as local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Although the duration of the operation varies according to the patient, it takes approximately 1.5 hours. The day after the surgery, the patient can stand up with the help of crutches and can meet his personal needs. Performing the recommended exercises after surgery is very important in terms of gaining a joint range of motion. Patients can return to their normal daily lives on average 6 weeks after surgery.
What are the risks of knee prosthesis?
There are risks during the surgery, in the early postoperative period and the late period. During the surgery, there are risks related to the anesthesia that is present in every surgery. Apart from this, there may be temporary or permanent injuries to the vessels and nerves in the surgical area during the application. The complication that can be encountered in the early and late postoperative period is infection. This is one of the complications that may affect the substinanceof the prosthesis. It can be easily avoided by paying attention to the risk of infection and careful wound care before surgery. Another complication that may occur is the loosening of the prosthesis. In this, it is important for the patient to lose weight and to do knee exercises regularly.
Another late complication is the loosening of the prosthesis. In this, it is important for the patient to lose weight and to do knee exercises regularly.
What Is Life After Knee Replacement?
Life after knee replacement surgery is one of the most frequently asked questions by patients who need to have this operation. Patients who have surgery are usually kept under observation in the hospital for a few days and then discharged. As in any surgery, complications such as infection, bleeding and pain can be seen in knee replacement surgery, albeit with a low probability. For this reason, the medication your physician will prescribe should be used regularly after the operation, and care should be taken not to damage the operation area. Initially, patients need to use crutches for a while. After a certain level of improvement is achieved, physical therapy applications are started.
Some knee replacement exercises that will be shown by the physiotherapist help strengthen the knee joint. These should be done regularly as directed by the healthcare professional. Most of the individuals can walk easily without using crutches or different walking aids approximately 4-6 weeks after the operation and can start driving after 8 weeks. Due to the healing of the scar tissue and the restoration of the muscles, the time required for full recovery is 2 years. If you are also experiencing knee joint problems that require prosthesis surgery. You can consult your physician and get information about knee replacement surgery. And plan your operation process.