Shoulder Arthroscopy (Closed) Surgery

Shoulder Arthroscopy

 The shoulder is one of the most flexible of the joints in your body. It has a structure that allows the arm to move in almost any direction. Because of this feature, the shoulder is very prone to injury and damage and in any case Shoulder Arthroscopy can be an option.

      If there is a problem observed in the shoulder, with a surgical procedure called arthroscopy you can improve and recover. Bones form the basis of the shoulder joint are connected in such a way that the arm can move freely. Muscles, tendons and ligaments are soft tissue that connects the shoulder bones, keep them firm and give movement to the joint.

      With the arthroscopy method, you can see the inside of your shoulder joint by making small incisions and an operation can be performed here. A thin, long and illuminated device called an Arthroscope is used for this procedure. During surgery, the Arthroscope sends live video images from inside the joint to the monitor. Thanks to these images, we are able to indentify and treat the problem in your shoulder. Since the incision points are very small in the arthroscopy method. The recovery period is much shorter and less painful compared to open surgeries.

When Is Shoulder Arthroscopy Recommended? 

  If you have a painful shoulder that does not respond to non-surgical treatment methods. Your orthopedic surgeon may recommend shoulder arthroscopy. Non-surgical treatment methods are rest, physical therapy, drug therapy and local injections. These methods can reduce inflammation in the shoulder. Inflammation is the body’s normal reaction to an illness or injury. 

   If you also observe swelling, pain and stiffness at the site of inflammation. Injury, overuse, and age-related osteoarthritis are the most common shoulder problems. Shoulder arthroscopy evaluates many painful problems that relates to the shoulder joint, cuff tears, articular cartilage damage, labrum tears and other soft tissues around the joint.

The most common arthroscopic repairs; 

  • Rotator cuff tears.
  • Shaving off bone spurs.
  • Labrum tear repair vineyard repair.
  • Removal of intra-articular inflamed tissues and free cartilage.
  • Repair of recurrent shoulder dislocations.
  • Cyst excision.
  • Surgical Procedure.

Surgical Procedure 

   Your consultant will plan the operating position is as one of the side-lying or beach chair positions. Firstly, it depends on the surgeon’s preference. If the shoulder area is very hairy, it should be cleaned as well. Moreover, after cleaning with antiseptic solutions, your consultant will cover the area with a sterile cloth. Injects a fluid into the shoulder joint. This provides easy image capture during camera input. The arthroscope will enter the shoulder joint and your consultant will evaulate the problems related to the shoulder joint from the monitor. Once your consultant identifies the problem, he will make a separate incision is to repair it using small hand tools.

Surgery Process in Shoulder Arthroscopy 

  In shoulder arthroscopy surgery, your consultant will enter the application area with spacial equipment. Furthermore, he will use many special types of quipment to visiulize the inside of the joint.

Application process;

We had mentioned that your consultant will inject a fluid into the joint. Thus the process of placing the camera will be much more comfortable. Furhermore, your consultant will make a small incision to the application area where he will place the necessary surgical equipment. Lastly, he will carry the applications for the treatment of the disease of the diagnoses.

What Are the Risks of the Surgery? 

As with all surgical procedures, there are some risk factors in shoulder arthroscopy. These risks are;

  • Bleeding 
  • Infection 
  • Vascular injuries 
  • Nerve injuries 

  To prevent the risk factors that you may be experience during the application of shoulder arthroscopy, you can contact Ck Health Turkey Medical Center.

Shoulder Arthroscopy Postoperative Period 

  Usually, you will be staying a night hospital. Antibiotics and pain relievers are given. Bed rest is applied with an arm-body bandage. Although recovery is quick and short compared to open surgery, a few weeks of rest is recommended. Ice application is made for swelling for 15 minutes per hour on average. Your consultant will suggest to change your dressing every 2 days, after 15 days the stitches take a shower and take a shower. As long as your doctor deems it necessary, you should use an arm body sling.


Rehabilitation is crucial to returning to daily activities. Performing these shoulder exercises as well as shoulder stretching and strengthening exercises. In addition, your consultant will provide you with a rehabilitation program suitable for the surgical procedure Successful surgery depends on successful rehabilitation. 


Generally, side effects are rare in shoulder arthroscopy. However, it may still involve minor risks. Bleeding, infection, vein or nerve injury. 

Long Term Results 

Recovery time differs between individuals. It may take 23 weeks for minor repairs, longer in complex cases. Healing in the repair of shoulder tears usually takes several months.

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