Varicose Veins Treatments

What is Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins treatment are defined as the expansion, elongation and tortuous state of the veins in the balls for no organic reason. It is derived from the Latin word “varix” (curled balls).

What are the types of varicose veins?

Varicose veins can be primary or secondary. The main reasons are not clear for sure, although there are various theories about the causes of primary varicose veins. Currently, the most accepted theory is hereditary weakness of the vein wall and valvular insufficiency of the veins, venous hypertension.

Secondary or acquired varicose veins occur as a result of damage to the venous valves due to causes such as trauma, deep vein thrombosis, or inflammation. In addition to pronounced varicose formations that have curled on one limb, telangiectasic, reticular-style formations of a smaller diameter can also be found. These formations are seen as blue or red linear color changes with a diameter of 1 millimeter or less that cannot be felt by hand, showing superficial placement on the skin. They are common linear formations that are regionally star-shaped or similar to a spider web, and they can envelop the entire leg. Although it varies from patient to patient, these formations on one limb may be located together or separately.

Factors that facilitate the formation of varicose veins

  • Standing for a long time
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Sitting down to work
  • Still
  • Ageing
  • Drug use (Birth control pills, hormone replacement therapies used during menopause)

Methods of Treating Varicose Veins

Interventional Methods

Sclerotherapy and/or transdermal laser therapy are performed for spider web and reticular varicose veins. The main purpose of this treatment is aesthetic appearance. These formations do not create a serious health problem in a person.

Transdermal laser therapy is usually red in color, 1 mm. and it is used for the treatment of thinner capillaries.

What is Sclerotherapy?

This treatment has been practiced for more than 80 years. In sclerotherapy, sclerosing substance is injected into the vein (usually sodium chloride) through very thin needles. This substance creates damage to the inner surface of the vessel, ensuring the adhesion of the vessel walls.

The sticking vein becomes invisible because the blood no longer passes through it, and over time it is also absorbed and destroyed by the body.

Surgical Treatments


In this classic surgical treatment method, superficial balls are removed by stripping along the vein lengthwise using incisions in the groin and ankle. October the enlarged lateral branches (bundles), which are additionally located in the sub-knee region, are 2-3 is cleaned with separate incisions. This procedure is performed under general anesthesia, and usually the patient is hospitalized overnight.

Intravenous Thermal Ablation (Laser or radiofrequency)

This procedure is performed with local or general anesthesia, and the patient can be discharged on the same day. The patient gets up and walks the same day, and after a few days he can also start work. In this technique, deep vein coagulation, mild superficial burns and sensation disorders can be seen.

Intravenous Foam Sclerotherapy

This method of varicose veins treatment is also similar to sclerotherapy, which is used on capillaries. But since injections will be made into the vein in superficial balls, more concentrated drugs are used. In this method of treatment, an incision is usually made in the groin and the superficial veins are connected at the junction with the deep vein.

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