With varicose veins, one of the methods of treatment is sclerotherapy. This is a fairly gentle technique, which is as effective as classical surgery in the early stages of the disease. But this method is less traumatic because it does not require surgical incisions. Many patients are afraid of pain and postoperative complications. Therefore, when choosing a technique, they are primarily interested in how vein sclerotherapy goes. The long-term practice has proven that allergies, necrosis, thrombosis practically do not occur after this procedure.
Sclerotherapy: what is it and what are the features of the methods
The technique helps to effectively treat varicose veins and neoplasms. It is possible to reassure those who are afraid of doctors and do not know how the sclerotherapy of the veins of the lower extremities goes. Even children tolerate the intervention well. Usually, anesthesia is not required, although you should take into account individual characteristics since all people have a different pain threshold. For greater patient comfort, the doctor may indicate local anesthesia.
Varicose veins and the appearance of vascular asterisks are associated with factors such as:
- genetic predisposition;
- injuries of the lower extremities;
- pregnancy and difficult childbirth;
- hormone therapy;
- prolonged standing or sedentary work;
- any surgical intervention.
If we talk about how the sclerotherapy procedure goes, then everything depends on the method the patient chooses. Although in general, these manipulations are similar. There are 3 types of sclerotherapy:
Foam form sclerotherapy. It is used to treat vessels of any caliber but is usually prescribed for lesions of the main veins. As a solution, a solution of sclerosant and biocompatible gases is used, which will dissolve before the end of the procedure.
Sclerotherapy under ultrasound control. Helps in the treatment of deep veins. The procedure is carried out using tools that allow you to control the administration of the drug.
Microsclerotherapy is used to eliminate vascular asterisks. This procedure has the shortest duration.
How the procedure goes
Before doing vein sclerotherapy, the patient will have an ultrasound examination. Then the date of the operation is set. During manipulation, the doctor will inject a special sclerosant solution into the damaged vein with a thin needle. The drug glues the walls of the vessel, turning it off from the bloodstream. Over time, the problematic vein disappears without a trace. Solutions are absolutely safe for health and do not spread with the blood flow through the body. The phlebologist will calculate the dosage of the substance.
After the procedure, which lasts 30-60 minutes, the doctor will apply elastic compression. You will not need bandages after microsclerotherapy. The patient does not need hospitalization, he can immediately go home. However, it is important not to take a sitting position: after the intervention, it takes an hour to be on your feet – to walk, to warm up. Bandages will stay for 2 weeks. Then the doctor will prescribe the wearing of compression underwear.
The occurrence of swelling and bruising after sclerotherapy is a normal phenomenon. In case of doubt, you can consult a doctor.
The method has a lot of advantages:
- High therapeutic and cosmetic effect.
- Almost complete absence of pain, but there may be individual reactions of the body.
- The speed of conducting.
- A relatively short rehabilitation period — no sick leave is issued after the procedure.
Only in a quarter of cases, it is not possible to achieve the complete disappearance of protruding varicose veins. But it is worth noting that all these cases fall on neglected conditions. With early treatment, a lifelong result is guaranteed. It is necessary to adhere to the doctor’s recommendations and realize that you will have to change your lifestyle. Remember, the sclerotherapy procedure is not a complete cure of the disease. But this is one of the stages that helps to significantly improve the quality of life and preserve the aesthetic appeal of the legs.
How many medical procedures will you need?
During one procedure (session) of sclerotherapy, the doctor performs from 3 to 8 injections. The number of injections depends on the degree of damage to the veins and the type of sclerosing agent. It may take from 1 to 5 (on average 2-3) sessions. The doctor determines the number of procedures.
- it is necessary to walk for 10-20 minutes;
- remember that the composition of the drug contains alcohol, so you should not drive after the procedure;
- do not limit physical activity. Walk for at least 1 hour every day;
- do not stand or sit for a long time;
- do not take hot baths for 2 weeks;
- do not visit sauna and solarium for 1.5-2 months;
- you should not go to the pool, solarium, do aerobics, gymnastics and exercise bike for 2-3 weeks.